First of all Cricket was invented in the vast fields of the country ‘England’. After that with the passage of time cricket stands in the international fields, with a place of its own.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game and in this game there are two teams with 11 players on each side. At the centre there is a 20-metre (22-yard) pitch with a wicket at each end.
Each comprising a bail balanced on three stumps. The batting side tries their best to score runs by hitting the ball bowled by the bowler at the wicket with the bat. While the bowling and fielding side tries to dismiss each player so they are “out”.
Berore starting a match,first of all coin is flipping by the Umpire along with both captain of the teams. The captain who wins the toss decides whether his team bats first or bowls first. If they decided to bat first, their aim is to score a lot of runs & also depending on the pitch situation and make sure the other team does not reach that score.
FORMATS OF THE GAME
Cricket is played in different formats like Test Cricket, One Day Cricket, and Twenty Twenty Cricket(T20). But the most popular are TEST CRICKET and ONE DAY cricket and now a days the T20 is also becoming popular.
In TEST Cricket game the time period is 5 in days and there are 90 overs a day in this game. And the other team tries to chase the score which the first team made within the limited time frame which is given (i.e. 5 days).
ONE DAY is the most popular game. In this game there are 300 balls (50 overs) for each team. The first team who bats first give the target to the other team to chase the given target within 300 balls.
The main players are in this game are:
BATSMEN are those who scores runs of the balls bowled by the bowler.
BOWLER are those who bowls, and tries to get the batsmen “OUT” (dismissed from the ground).
FIELDERS are the 10 players along with Wicket-keeper who assist the bowler in achieving his goal, and prevent the batsmen from scoring runs.
In the Cricket the whole game revolves around the batsmen. Crowds love the batsmen, Mostly when they hit the ball all over the ground. livecricketscorein Batsmen are the ones who hit the ball in such way that goes in the crowd, everybody loves them, they are the Most wanted player of the game.
Many batsmen are good but some are great. They play in such style and with talent that every body loves their game. Because they play very well as compared to the other players.
Growth of professional cricket in England
The main purpose of this game has always been to score the most runs. The early form of cricket vary from the modern game in assertive key technical aspects.
The Cricket remained a low-key local tracking for much of the century. According to the social historian, there was a great boom of sport after the Restoration in 1660.
History of English cricket in the 18th and 19th centuries
- The game meet with major development in the 18th century to become England’s national sport. Its success was approved by the twin necessities of patronage and betting. Cricket was marked in London as early as 1707.
- And in the middle years of the century, large group gathered to matches on the Artillery Groundin Finsbury. The single wicket form of the sport attracted huge group of people to match, its popularity peaking in the year of 1748.
- Later on it was necessary to introduce the modern straight bat in place of the old hockey stick shape.
- The most famous player of the 19th century was G. Grace, who started his career in 1865. It was especially during the career of Grace that the quality between beginners and professionals became soften by the existence of players like him.
- The last two decades before the First World War have been called the Golden Age of cricket. It is a regretful name prompted by the collective sense of loss, which resulting from the war. But the period did produce some great players and memorable matches. Especially as organised competition at county and Test level.
Cricket Becomes an International Sport
In the 19th century Cricket had become well established in many countries like Australia, the Caribbean, India, New Zealand, North America and South Africa.
In the 1876–77, an England team took part in the first-ever Test match at the Melbourne Cricket Ground against Australia team. Test cricket started to expand in 1888–89 when the South Africa played England.
International Cricket in the 20th Century
The Test cricket continued to expand during the 20th century with the addition of the West Indies team (1928), New Zealand (1930) and India (1932).
Before the 2nd World War & then Pakistan (1952), Sri Lanka (1982), Zimbabwe (1992) and Bangladesh (2000) in the post-war period. South Africa was banned from world cricket from 1970 to 1992 as part of the racism boycott.
The Rising of Limited Overs in Cricket
The first Limited Overs was played in 1971 in the cricket. In the 21st century, a new limited overs form T20 (Twenty Twenty), made an prompt impact.
On 22nd June 2017, Afghanistan & Ireland became the 11th and 12th ICC full members, enabling them to play Test cricket.
Bat and ball
A bowler delivers the ball from his end of the pitch. On the other hand the batsman who, armed with a bat is on strike.
The bat is made of wood (white willow), and has the shape of a blade topped by a cylindrical handle.
The blade must not be more than 4 and 1 quarter inches (108 mm) wide & the total length of the bat not more than 38 inches (965 mm). The weight of the bat is usually between 2 lb 7 oz and 3 lb (1.1 and 1.4 kg).